Estetika was founded in 1964 as a tribune of Czech and Slovak scholars of aesthetics. It was published by the Institute of Art Theory and Art History at the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences. The journal was established to contribute to the development of aesthetics as a distinct field of scholarship clearly distinguishable from art criticism. In the 1960s, Estetika published articles by scholars from other countries of the Soviet bloc, systematically developed the ideas of the Prague Linguistic Circle, and considered aspects of Modern art. The Soviet-led military intervention in Czechoslovakia in 1968 was, however, the beginning of the journal’s decline. Though Estetika was allowed to continue, it could not develop freely. The collapse of the Communist régime in 1989 enabled Estetika to renew its editorial board and find a new role in encouraging the development of an interdisciplinary approach to the arts and the history of ideas in aesthetics. In 2006 the journal became peer-reviewed.
The last issue of the Czech version of Estetika was published in December 2007. From 2008 onwards, it is superseded by Estetika: The Central European Journal of Aesthetics, an international journal published in English and German.
In 2008 a cover-design contest was held to give the journal a new look. The winning cover and the other entries can be found here.